The British Academy just released its 2018 call for Postdoctoral Fellowships. I am open to supporting potential applicants apply to this scheme with the aim of working on key themes in my research program:
– The human dimensions of Arctic climate change OR
– Indigenous peoples and climate change
– Climate change policy tracking
If interested, please send your CV and let me know your research interests: firstname.lastname@example.org
Data, concepts and methods for large-n comparative climate change adaptation policy research: A systematic literature review
Biesbroek, R., Berrang-Ford, L., Ford, J.D., Tanabe, A., Austin, S.E., Lesnikowski, A. (2018). Data, concepts and methods for large-n comparative climate change adaptation policy research: A systematic literature review. Advanced Review, published online.
Climate change adaptation research is dominated by in‐depth, qualitative, single‐ or small‐n case studies that have resulted in rich and in‐depth understanding on adaptation processes and decision making in specific locations. Recently, the number of comparative adaptation policy cases has increased, focusing on examining, describing, and/or explaining how countries, regions, and vulnerable groups are adapting across a larger sample of contexts and over time. There are, however, critical empirical, conceptual and methodological choices and challenges for comparative adaptation research. This article systematically captures and assesses the current state of larger‐n (n ≥ 20 cases) comparative adaptation policy literature. We systematically analyze 72 peer‐reviewed articles to identify the key choices and challenges authors face when conducting their research. We find among others that almost all studies use nonprobability sampling methods, few existing comparative adaptation datasets exist, most studies use easy accessible data which might not be most appropriate for the research question, many struggle to disentangle rhetoric from reality in adaptation, and very few studies engage in critical reflection of their conceptual, data and methodological choices and the implications for their findings. We conclude that efforts to increase data availability and use of more rigorous methodologies are necessary to advance comparative adaptation research.
Intergovernmental Relations for Public Health Adaptation to Climate Change in the Federalist States of Canada and Germany
Austin, S., Ford. J., Berrang-Ford, L., Biesbroek, R., Tosun, J., and Ross, N. (2018). Intergovernmental Relations for Public Health Adaptation to Climate Change in the Federalist States of Canada and Germany. Global Environmental Change, 52, 226-237.
Climate change is a significant threat to public health, and governments at all scales will need to adapt to protect the health of their populations. The impacts of climate change are highly localized and thus federal systems theoretically have the inherent advantage of allowing for regional diversity and policy experimentation in adaptation. However, there are also higher levels of conflict and stalemates in federal systems than in unitary systems, complicating intergovernmental relations and coordination necessary for public health adaptation. We examine how intergovernmental dynamics are patterned across national, regional and local levels of government for public health adaptation to climate change, drawing upon semi-structured interviews (n = 28) in comparative embedded case studies of Canada and Germany. We find that coordination between levels of government specifically for climate change and health is rare, but climate change issues are occasionally discussed through working groups or through existing methods of public health coordination. These findings have implications for national and regional governments in federal systems seeking to enable sub-national public health adaptation to climate change and create synergies between levels of government.
In March 2018 the UK Government launched an inquiry into the rapid changes occurring in the Arctic, led by the Environmental Audit Committee. On July 3rd Prof Ford gave oral evidence to the inquiry. During 90 minutes of questions that ranged from examining how the Arctic is changing to the impacts it is having, Prof Ford noted the importance of expanding interdisciplinary collaboration in the UK Arctic research community to understand the needs and opportunities for adaptation, and highlighted the importance of connecting both science and Indigenous knowledge.
Camila Florez Bossio has recently received the Fonds de recherche du Québec – Société et culture doctoral research scholarship! These funds will be used to continue Camila’s research on the adaptive capacity to climate change threats to water security in urban areas, using Lima, Peru as a case study:
I’m examining how urban areas of developing countries deal with climate change threats, and how urban citizens capacity to adapt materializes into adaptive behavior. To achieve this, I’m developing a conceptual framework for understanding adaptation of residents of urban areas in developing countries, while using a mixed-methods approach to study urban adaptive capacity in Lima, Peru.