Food system vulnerability amidst the extreme 2010–2011 flooding in the Peruvian Amazon: a case study from the Ucayali region
Sherman, M., Ford, J.D., Llanos-Cuentas, A., José Valdivia, M., and IHACC Research Group (2016) Food system vulnerability amidst the extreme 2010–2011 flooding in the Peruvian Amazon: a case study from the Ucayali region. Food Security, 8(37), 1-20.
Projections of climate change indicate an increase in the frequency and intensity of climatic hazards such as flooding and droughts, increasing the importance of understanding community vulnerability to extreme hydrological events. This research was conducted in the flood-prone indigenous community of Panaillo, located in the Ucayali region of the Peruvian Amazon, examining how the 2010–2011 flooding affected the food system at community and institutional levels. Drawing upon in-depth fieldwork using participatory research methods over multiple seasons—including semi-structured interviews (n = 74), focus groups, and seasonal food security calendar and historical timeline exercises—the flooding was documented to have created several opportunities for increased fishing and agricultural production in Panaillo. However, households lacked the resources to fully exploit the opportunities presented by the extreme conditions and increasingly turned to migration as a coping mechanism. International aid organizations were drawn to Ucayali in response to the flooding, and introduced additional programming and provided capacity-building sessions for local institutions. However, local institutions remain weak and continue to generally disregard the increasing magnitude and frequency of extremes, documented in the region over the last decade. Moreover, the long-term implications of community-level and institutional responses to the extreme flooding could increase food system vulnerability in the future. This case study highlights the importance of considering both slow and fast drivers of food system vulnerability in the aftermath of an extreme hydrological event.
— Melanie Flynn (@MelanieFlynn88) May 16, 2016
— Melanie Flynn (@MelanieFlynn88) May 17, 2016
The lab wishes Kaitlyn Finner all the best in her new position as a policy analyst with Nunatsiavut Secretariat. She began her position in April following on her MA research in Rigolet and work with the Policy and Evaluation Division at IDRC. Nunatsiavut Government (NG) is a self-governing regional Inuit government – the first among Inuit regions in Canada to achieve self-government Kaitlyn has been a valued member of the ccadapt team since 2012, conducting her MA research on climate change and food systems in Nunatsiavut
Prevalence and risk factors of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasitemia among Indigenous Batwa and non-Indigenous communities of Kanungu District, Uganda
Donnelly, B., L. Berrang-Ford, J. Labbe, S. Twesigomwe, S. Lwasa, B.D. Namanya, S.L. Harper, M. Kulkarni, N.A. Ross, IHACC Research Team, and P. Michel (2016) Prevalence and risk factors of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasitemia among Indigenous Batwa and non-Indigenous communities of Kanungu District, Uganda. Malaria Journal 15:254.
Major efforts for malaria prevention programs have gone into scaling up ownership and use of insecticidal mosquito nets, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where the malaria burden is high. Socioeconomic inequities in access to long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are reduced with free distributions of nets. However, the relationship between social factors and retention of nets after a free distribution has been less studied, particularly using a longitudinal approach. Our research aimed to estimate the ownership and use of LLINs, and examine the determinants of LLIN retention, within an Indigenous Batwa population after a free LLIN distribution. Two LLINs were given free of charge to each Batwa household in Kanungu District, Uganda in November 2012. Surveyors collected data on LLIN ownership and use through six cross-sectional surveys pre- and post-distribution. Household retention, within household access, and individual use of LLINs were assessed over an 18-month period. Socioeconomic determinants of household retention of LLINs post-distribution were modelled longitudinally using logistic regression with random effects. Direct house-to-house distribution of free LLINs did not result in sustainable increases in the ownership and use of LLINs. Three months post-distribution, only 73% of households owned at least one LLIN and this period also saw the greatest reduction in ownership compared to other study periods. Eighteen-months post distribution, only a third of households still owned a LLIN. Self-reported age-specific use of LLINs was generally higher for children under five, declined for children aged 6–12, and was highest for older adults aged over 35. In the model, household wealth was a significant predictor of LLIN retention, controlling for time and other variables. This research highlights on-going socioeconomic inequities in access to malaria prevention measures among the Batwa in southwestern Uganda, even after free distribution of LLINs, and provides critical information to inform local malaria programs on possible intervention entry-points to increase access and use among this marginalized population.
Last week, Dr. James Ford and master’s candidate Dylan Clark attended the Transforming Health Care in Remote Communities conference hosted by the University of Alberta School of Public Health. The conference was attended by researchers and health care practitioners and policy makers from across the Canadian North, Greenland, Iceland, and Alaska. Dr. Ford moderated a session focusing on climate change impacts on health, and Dylan delivered an oral presentation and a poster based on his master’s research. More can be found on the THCRC conference here.
Members and collaborators will be attending the 2016 Adaptations Futures conference in Rotterdam from May 10-13. The programme and additional information can be found here.
Find out how the CCADAPT team is involved here.
Members attending, organizing, presenting and chairing:
Dr. James Ford
The @ccadapt team would like to welcome postdoctoral researcher Dr Terence Epule Epule to the lab. Terence joins @ccadapt from the University of Montreal, and was successful in obtaining a
2-year SSHRC-funded postdoctoral scholarship. He will work in Uganda on climate change and agriculture related projects.
The @ccadapt team would like to thank Mya Sherman for the 5 years she has spent with the lab and wish her all the best in her future work. Mya joined the team as part of the IHACC project as an undergraduate intern working in Peru, continuing to do her MA work on flood hazards and climate change in the Amazon. On completing her masters, she led an evaluation of the IHACC project, working in the Arctic, Uganda and Peru.
Last week, CCADAPT masters student Dylan Clark along with Keenan Lindell of Arviat led a two week land safety course in Arviat, Nunavut. Keenan and Dylan developed the course to help engage youth in the community in land activities and safe practices on the land. IHACC member, Sarah Macvicar, also played a role through teaching wilderness first aid and helping to organizing day trips. More can be found about the program here.
Also find information on NunatsiaqOnline here.