Ford, J.D., Tilleard, S.E., Berrang-Ford, L., Araos, M., Biesbroek, R., Lesnikowski, A.C., MacDonald, G.K., Hsu, A., Chen, C., Bizikova, L. (2016). Big data has big potential for applications to climate change adaptation. PNAS. 113(39). 10729-10732
The capacity to collect and analyze massive amounts of data is transforming research in the natural and social sciences (1). And yet, the climate change adaptation community has largely overlooked these developments. Here, we examine how “big data” can inform adaptation research and decision-making and outline what’s needed from the adaptation community to maximize this opportunity. We contend that careful application of big data could revolutionize our understanding of how to manage the risks of climate change
Vulnerability to unintentional injuries associated with land-use activities and search and rescue in Nunavut, Canada
Clark, D.G., Ford, J.D., Pearce, T.,Berrang-Ford, L. (2016) Vulnerability to unintentional injuries associated with land-use activities and search and rescue in Nunavut, Canada. Social Science and Medicine. 169. 18-26.
Injury is the leading cause of death for Canadians aged 1 to 44, occurring disproportionately across regions and communities. In the Inuit territory of Nunavut, for instance, unintentional injury rates are over three times the Canadian average. In this paper, we develop a framework for assessing vulnerability to injury and use it to identify and characterize the determinants of injuries on the land in Nunavut. We specifically examine unintentional injuries on the land (outside of hamlets) because of the importance of land-based activities to Inuit culture, health, and well-being. Semi-structured interviews (n = 45) were conducted in three communities that have varying rates of search and rescue (SAR), complemented by an analysis of SAR case data for the territory. We found that risk of land-based injuries is affected by socioeconomic status, Inuit traditional knowledge, community organizations, and territorial and national policies. Notably, by moving beyond common conceptualizations of unintentional injury, we are able to better assess root causes of unintentional injury and outline paths for prevention.
@ccadapt wishes Anna Bunce all the best in her new job at BC’s Ministry of Forestry Lands and Natural Resource Operations. Anna has been with the lab for over 5 years, first as a research assistant, then as an MA student examining the effects of climate change on Inuit women, before working as a project lead. Best of luck Anna!
Archer, L., Ford, J.D., Pearce, T., Kowal, S., Gough, W.A., Allurut, M. (2016) Longitudinal assessment of climate vulnerability: a case study from the Canadian Arctic. Sustainability Science. 11(31). 1-15.
The Arctic is a global hotspot of climate change, which is impacting the livelihoods of remote Inuit communities. We conduct a longitudinal assessment of climate change vulnerability drawing upon fieldwork conducted in 2004 and 2015 in Ikpiarjuk (Arctic Bay), Nunavut, and focusing on risks associated with subsistence harvesting activities. Specifically, we employ the same conceptual and methodological approach to identify and characterize who is vulnerable, to what stresses, and why, assessing how this has changed over time, including re-interviewing individuals involved in the original study. We find similarities between the two periods, with many of the observed environmental changes documented in 2004 having accelerated over the last decade, exacerbating risks of land use: changing sea ice regimes and wind patterns are the most widely documented at both times, with new observations reporting more frequent sighting of polar bear and orca. Socio-economic and technological changes have altered the context in climate change impacts are being experienced and responded to, both exacerbating and moderating vulnerabilities compared to 2004. The adoption of new technology, including GPS and widespread use of the internet, has helped land users manage changing conditions while sharing networks remain strong, despite concern noted in the 2004 study that they were weakening. Challenges around access to financial resources and concern over the incomplete transmission of some environmental knowledge and land skills to younger generations continue to increase sensitivity and limit adaptive capacity to changing climatic conditions.
@ccadapt would like to welcome three new students to the lab. Antonia joins the team after completing her MSc at Oxford and will be doing her PhD research in the Arctic on water issues. Camila joins the lab after working at the World Bank, and as part of her PhD will focus on climate change and water in urban areas in Peru. Darya joins the lab from the University of Arizona and will focus on permafrost thaw and climate adaptation in the Arctic for her masters work.
The Adaptation Tracking Collaborative was officially launched today, funded by a Partnership Development Grant from SSHRC. Based out of McGill―with partner institutes at Wageningen University, University of California Los Angeles, and the Universities of Notre Dame & Minnesota―the ATC brings together an interdisciplinary international team of academics, practitioners, and decision makers who are interested in developing conceptual, methodological, and empirical approaches for tracking adaptation across scales. Initial goals include creating an adaptation index version 2.0 that will link into efforts around global adaptation stocktaking and progress tracking. The ATC will work closely with collaborators, including environmental think tanks (IIED, IISD, ICCCAD), boundary organizations (UKCIP), the private sector (Deloitte), and organizations developing environmental indices (EPI, ND-GAIN). For the official announcement, go to: http://www.sshrc-crsh.gc.ca/news_room-salle_de_presse/press_releases-communiques/2016/partnerships_insight-partenariats_savoir-eng.aspx
Austin, S.E., Biesbroek, R., Berrang-Ford, L., Ford, J., Parker, S., Fleury, M.D. (2016). Public Health Adaptation to Climate Change in OECD Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 13(9), 889.
Climate change is a major challenge facing public health. National governments play a key role in public health adaptation to climate change, but there are competing views on what responsibilities and obligations this will—or should—include in different nations. This study aims to: (1) examine how national-level public health adaptation is occurring in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries; (2) examine the roles national governments are taking in public health adaptation; and (3) critically appraise three key governance dimensions of national-level health adaptation—cross-sectoral collaboration, vertical coordination and national health adaptation planning—and identify practical examples suited to different contexts. We systematically reviewed publicly available public health adaptation to climate change documents and webpages by national governments in ten OECD countries using systematic web searches, assessment of self-reporting, and content analysis. Our findings suggest national governments are primarily addressing infectious disease and heat-related risks posed by climate change, typically emphasizing capacity building or information-based groundwork initiatives. We find national governments are taking a variety of approaches to public health adaptation to climate change that do not follow expected convergence and divergence by governance structure. We discuss practical options for incorporating cross-sectoral collaboration, vertical coordination and national health adaptation planning into a variety of contexts and identify leaders national governments can look to to inform their public health adaptation planning. Following the adoption of the Paris Agreement and subsequent increased momentum for adaptation, research tracking adaptation is needed to define what health adaptation looks like in practice, reveal insights that can be taken up across states and sectors, and ensure policy orientated learning.
@ccadapt would like to congratulate former postdoc Dr Ashlee Cunsolo on her appointment as Director of the Labrador Institute. Ashlee has pioneered work on the mental health effects of climate change and in the north, and the @ccadapt team looks forward to working with her in this new role. Read more here.
@ccadapt lead Dr James Ford will be participating in the scoping meeting for the IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5C in Geneva this week (Aug 15th – 18th). The meeting aims to develop an outline for the assessment, which was requested by Parties to the Paris Agreement.
The @ccadapt team would like to congratulate Lewis on completing his MA thesis: “a decadal re-analysis of climate change vulnerability in the Canadian arctic: a case study from Arctic Bay”.
The @ccadapt team would like to congratulate Dylan on completing his MA thesis: “Vulnerability to Injury: assessing biophysical and social determinants of land-user injuries in Nunavut, Canada.” One peer reviewed article has been published from his thesis, and one is the in the later stages of review.
Find out more about Dylan here.
Congratulations to former lab member Joanna on winning the 2016 Robin P. Armstrong Memorial Prize for Excellence in Native Studies
@ccadapt is delighted to announce that former MA student and lab member Joanna Petrasek MacDonald won this year’s Robin P. Armstrong Memorial Prize for her work on climate change and participatory videography in Nunatsiavut. Great work Joanna and all our fantastic collaborators in Rigolet and Nunatsiavut. To find out more click here.
Find Joanna’s publications and reports here.