Dylan Clark, testified in front of the Senate Fisheries and Oceans Standing Committee on February 13th. During the hearing, Dylan shared results from the Climate Change Adaptation Research Group’s research over the past 5 years on Inuit land-use and search and rescue. In Dylan’s testimony, he highlighted the need for additional prevention and emergency response resources across the region, emphasizing the inequality between south and north search and rescue coverage, and increasing demand across the Canadian Arctic.
From January 22 to 24, 2018, Antonia organized and hosted a methods workshop on Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) at McGill. Professor Benoît Rihoux and Priscilla Álamos-Concha from Université catholique de Louvain taught the three-day intensive training on QCA. As a research approach, QCA is geared towards systematic cross-case comparison, a form of synthesis between ‘case-oriented’ and ‘variable-oriented’ approaches, the formalization of statements of necessity and sufficiency, an emphasis on complex causality, the possibility to formulate modest generalizations.
As a set of techniques, Benoit and Priscilla provided training in crisp-set QCA (csQCA) and fsQCA (fuzzy-set QCA) and discussed their different uses, including typology building and theory testing. Participants used different software options, such as TOSMANA and FS/QCA. The 18 workshop participants came from the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The group brought many different perspectives from their work and research, including expertise in crisis management, health evaluation, business management, and forestry.
In order to tighten and increase knowledge sharing between Arctic researchers in the UK and Russia, a workshop was hosted at the Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI) by UArctic. Talks covered a range of subjects from the direction of the SPRI’s research directions, ecosystem changes in the Arctic, and impacts of northern industrial activities.
Henry Burgess, head of Arctic office (Natural Environment Research Council, UK) described capabilities and next steps of UK research activities, Marina Kalinina, UArctic VP Interregional Cooperation presented challenges and opportunities of academic mobility in the circumpolar region and Igor Osipov, head of UArctic Science&Research Analytics Institute spoke about Arctic research analytics.
Overall, collaborations like this allow researchers to better communicate and collaborate on interests they share.
As the Arctic Change 2017 conference comes to a close, it’s worth highlighting two @ccarg presentations from Thursday.
Dylan Clark had his second presentation of the conference, this time discussing Constraints and opportunities for Arctic search and rescue prevention and response.
Over the past three years I have been examining search and rescue across Nunavut. We have highlighted how social and environmental changes are influencing rates of search and rescue. And, we are currently looking at emergency response capacities as well as community resources for prevention and response. As an example, in partnership with Qaujigiartiit Health Research Centre, we are exploring potential uses for UAVs in hazard identification and SAR. – Dylan
Read more about Dylan’s work from his published articles on the subject:
Additionally on Thursday, Ella Belfer presented on her article Representation of Indigenous peoples in climate change reporting.
Based on a review of eight national newspapers in Canada, the United States, Australia and New Zealand, I will be discussing the ways in which Indigenous peoples have been covered in climate change reporting over the past decade, with a particular focus on representations of Inuit communities. The impacts of climate change are portrayed as having severe ecological, sociocultural, and health/safety impacts for Indigenous peoples, who are often framed as victims and “harbingers” of climate change. The lack of substantive discussion of colonialism or marginalization in the reviewed stories limits media portrayal of the structural roots of vulnerability, rendering climate change as a problem for, rather than of society. – Ella
Now that day two of Arctic Change 2017 is halfway done, it’s time to highlight more @ccarg member presentations.
At 2:00pm in room 304 AB, Melanie will be presenting on Key principles and challenges for effective knowledge mobilization with Arctic communities. In her talk, Melanie highlights some of the key principles of knowledge mobilization with Arctic communities based on themes identified in the literature and through interviews (n=24). She will also reflect on some of the key challenges in effective knowledge mobilization.
Next, Dylan will follow at 3:30pm with his presentation on Mapping transportation system vulnerabilities to climate change across the Canadian Arctic.
- We are currently developing a vulnerability index for all 53 Inuit communities across the Canadian Arctic. Informed by the work of Cutter, Hewitt, Smit, and Burton, as well as our teams experience in the region, we will be mapping out how communities are vulnerable to climate change. As a component of this, we will be assessing where there is adaptation happening or potential for it, and what impacts potential adaptations may have on the system. The index is being developed in consultation with communities, territorial, and federal knowledge holders and officials. The final product will provide policy makers with a clear representation of climate change impacts on sectors across the region. We will be linking the index with regional climate projections for future planning. – Dylan Clark
Finally, Darya will wrap up the day at 5:00pm with a follow-up presentation on her topic of Bakeapple picking in a changing physical and social landscape.
Check back in tomorrow for updates on @ccarg in Arctic Change 2017.