Inuit Traditional Knowledge for Adapting to the Health Effects of Climate Change (IK-ADAPT)

(2012 - 2015)
Current funding: CIHR - IAPH
Researchers involved at McGill: James Ford (lead), Ashlee Cunsolo Willox (coordinator), Joanna Petrasek MacDonald



The Inuit Traditional Knowledge for Adapting to the Health Effects of Climate Change project (IK-ADAPT) is a trans-disciplinary project that combines scientific research and traditional knowledge to inform policy and programming needed to assist Inuit communities adapt to the health effects of climate change. Working closely with 6 communities across Arctic Canada and knowledge users at multiple levels, the project will examine ways to document, conserve, and promote Inuit traditional knowledge (IK) to prevent, prepare for, and manage the impacts of climate change on health. The focus on IK reflects the continued importance of traditional approaches to health, where ‘health’ captures physical, mental and social well-being. It also reflects recognition of the importance of IK for climate adaptation, and concern across the North that this knowledge is being incompletely transmitted to younger generations. To our knowledge, this project will be the first to focus explicitly on identifying, examining, and evaluating specific adaptation interventions for health in a northern context. As such it is particularly relevant to CIHR and IAPH in-light of the stated importance of health adaptation research in CIHR’s strategic plan, yet absence of adaptation studies in previously supported projects.


Related Publications

Project News


    Linnaea Jasiuk: Memories from the Ulukhaktok Kingalik Jamboree

    2015 March 24

    Drumming at Jacks Bay, Ulukhaktok

    Each year the community of Ulukhaktok marks the migration of the Eider duck, known locally as kingaliks (male) and mitiinnaq (female). These birds, both nutritionally and culturally rich, are an important component of a northern diet. Each spring the birds migrate following open water leads and pass directly by the shores of the community. This migration route is normally predictable and brings them near enough to the edge of the ice where they become more easily accessible to hunters. This can be a bountiful season for many hunters, some harvesting as many as 100 ducks to last the year. It also elicits fond memories of spring times spent with family at key hunting locations near Mashuyak. Ulukhaktok celebrates the joy and thankfulness for the migration each year at the Kingalik Jamboree.

    The first time I visited Ulukhaktok in 2012 I missed the Jamboree by a week but heard all about the cookouts, games, and celebrations. Given the excitement and pride with which people shared their jamboree stories, I knew that it was something I wanted to experience one day! This year, on my second trip to Ulukhaktok, I was there for the return of the Kingaliks and got the full jamboree experience. Food was a central part of this experience with meals like musk ox stir-fry, caribou quak (frozen meat delicacy), piffy (a dried char treat), and every combination in between.

    Plucking contest at the Ulukhaktok Jamboree

    What stood out as much as, if not more than, the food itself was the level of participation and cooperation that made these meals (serving 400 people) successful. Throughout the entire jamboree period, women of all generations could be seen chopping, stirring, frying, or cleaning so that there was always pan sizzling over the fires or someone mixing a stir-fry or flipping bannock. I joined in by picking up an ulu to slice, dice, chop, and mince ingredients destined for one of the many frying pans. The cooking process fascinated me and the food was delicious. Everyone took great pride in their dishes and their country food from the land and, as I was someone from out of town, they made sure that I had a taste of everything.

    What struck me about these games was the way they promoted cross-generational interactions and learning.

    The games were another fun part of the jamboree and included a fishing derby, a duck hunting competition, plucking feathers from a Kingalik or Mitiinnaq, and skinning a seal. What struck me about these games was the way they promoted cross-generational interactions and learning. For example, teams often consisted of Elders and youth who worked together to be the first to complete a task. It also quickly became apparent to me that these were more than just games; they were lessons and channels for cultural continuity and skills transmission. I watched as Elders guided their young teammates to shoot with precision, pull feathers in the proper direction, and flesh a sealskin to make it soft. The games were played with an impressive spirit of gamesmanship and integrity with focus on collective success. In addition to these team games there was an assortment of laughter inducing games such as ‘best goggle tan’, egg races, and karaoke.

    The jamboree festivities demonstrated the strong community culture I experienced throughout my entire stay in Ulukhaktok. I learned that community collaboration and cooperation are important elements of life in Ulukhaktok. For example, those hunters who managed to harvest nearly 100 ducks would regularly share with their extended family or neighbours. Not every weekend in Ulukhaktok was as jam-packed as Jamboree weekend, but it was an excellent introductory course into the Ulukhaktok way of doing things.

    Artic Change 2014: IK-ADAPT in Ottawa

    2015 January 16

    As originally published on the IK-ADAPT website.

    James Ford and Phylicia Kagyut at the Poster Presentation session.

    James Ford and Phylicia Kagyut at the Poster Presentation session.

    Arctic Change 2014 was a busy and enriching conference for IK-ADAPT team members. IK-ADAPT researchers chaired two sessions, gave nine session presentations and four poster presentations. The film “Lament for the Land”, a collaboration between Dr. Ashlee Cunsolo Willox and the five communities Nunatsiavut, was screened at the conference and followed by a Q & A session. IK-ADAPT also held a one day meeting parallel to the conference to discuss project updates as well as the commonalities and differences between the different community-based initiatives. This meeting was attended by all the project leads, community partners, IK-ADAPT researchers and students. The meeting yielded great discussions about final project outputs and reflections as IK-ADAPT approaches the end of its final year.

    Click to enlarge: IK-ADAPT posters detailing the different projects.

    Click to enlarge: IK-ADAPT posters detailing the different projects.

    Additionally, Inez Shiwak presented five times and participated in the Q & A for “Lament for the Land”. She also won the Arctic Change Northern Travel Award to support her participation in the conference, and was nominated for the Inuit Recognition Award at Arctic Change 2014. Congratulations Inez!

    In numbers:

    • 2 chaired sessions
    • 9 session presentations
    • 4 poster presentations
    • 1 film screening
    • 1 full day IK-ADAPT meeting

    Schedule of CCARG activities at the 2014 Arctic Change conference in Ottawa

    2014 December 8

    You can find all the Arctic Change 2014 programs here.

    WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 10th

    T17. Community Adaptation and Vulnerability in Arctic Regions. Co-chairs: Tristan Pearce, James Ford, Barry Smit. Room 210

    • 10:30 Pearce, Tristan Vulnerability and Adaptation Research in the Arctic
    • 10:45 Tjensvoll Kitching, Knut The Dynamics of Climate Change Vulnerability in the Southern Baffin Region, Nunavut
    • 11:15 Bunce, Anna Inuit Women and Climate Change: Perspectives and Experiences Regarding Climate Change and Adaptation in Iqaluit, Nunavut
    • 11:30 Parker, Colleen Freezer Space and Food Security in Ulukhaktok, NWT

    T04A. Education in Inuit Nunangat in a Time of Change. Co-chairs: Lars Kullerud, Mary Simon, Thierry Rodon. Room 201

    • 10:45 Lalonde, Genevieve Examining Perceptions of Learning Success among Inuit and Southern Educators

    T26C. Health and Well-Being in Arctic Communities: Advancements in Practices, Processes and Outcomes. Co-chairs: Chris Furgal, Eric Loring. Room 206

    • 11:15 Jasiuk, Linnaea Inuit Women’s Perspectives on a Healthy Life
    • 11:30 Cunsolo Willox, Ashlee IlikKuset-Ilingannet/Culture-Connect: Promoting Cultural-Based Youth Mentorship Programs to Support Mental Health, Resilience, and Cultural Sustainability in Nunatsiavut, Labrador
    • 16:15 Finner, Kaitlyn Context Matters: Developing an Approach for Food Systems Research in Rigolet, Nunatsiavut

    T09B. Arctic Wildlife Co-Management Challenges and Solutions – Bringing Together Inuit and Scientific Knowledge. Co-chairs: John Cheechoo, Lisa Loseto, Gregor Gilbert. Room 210

    • 16:30 Tjensvoll Kitching, Knut Tuktu and Climate Change: Inuit Harvesting on Southern Baffin Island

    THURSDAY, DECEMBER 11th

    T10. Arctic Youth: the Future to a Sustainable Arctic Environment. Co-chairs: Graham May, Justina LeeStolz, Jenna Gall. Room 102

    • 11:00 Petrasek MacDonald, Joanna Youth-Identified Protective Factors for Mental Health and Well-Being in a Changing Climate: Perspectives from Inuit Youth in Nunatsiavut, Labrador

    T24B. Addressing Food (In)security in the Arctic. Co-chairs: Leanna Ellsworth, Laura Bennett, Tiff -Annie Kenny. Room 206

    • 16:00 Statham, Sara The Nunavut Food Security Coalition’s Value Toward and Need for Food Security Research

    POSTER PRESENTATIONS

    #7 Lalonde, Genevieve The cultural negotiation of Inuit education
    #37 Parker, Colleen Vulnerability of an Inuit Food System to Climate and Socio-Economic Change
    #48 Ford, James Inuit Traditional Knowledge for Adapting to the Health Effects of Climate Change
    #49 Jasiuk, Linnaea Inuit Women’s Conceptualizations of and Approaches to Health in a Changing Climate

    Nunamin Illihakvia featured in Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami’s Inuktitut magazine

    2014 July 24
    The Health Canada funded Nunamin Illihakvia project in Ulukhaktok was featured in the new edition of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami’s Inuktitut magazine, on pages 26-31. From the article:

    “On a January morning, the headlights of a skidoo zigzag foxlike near Ulukhaktok. Like his father and grandfather before him, Adam Kolohouk Kudlak finds solace on the sea ice and appreciation for the sustenance it provides him, his family and community. Nattiq (ringed seal) were the staple for Inuit now living in Ulukhaktok, the lifeline that enabled Inuit to live in the region; a lifeline that Kolohouk continues to hold onto and strives to pass to younger generations.

    Ulukhaktomuit have always hunted seals in the winter, however, residents of this small hamlet on the west coast of Victoria Island in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories have undergone profound socio-economic and political changes in the last half-century. These changes have dramatically altered their lives and livelihoods, including their relationship with nattiq.”

    Continue reading online here or download a PDF version


    “Nunamin Illihakvia: Learning from the Land” video now available online

    2014 July 15

    The “Nunamin Illihakvia: Learning from the Land” video is now available online. “Nunamin Illihakvia: Learning from the Land” was an Ulukhaktok Community Corporation (UCC) led project funded by Health Canada in partnership with researchers from McGill University, the University of Guelph, and the University of the Sunshine Coast. The project brought together young Inuit adults with experienced hunters, sewers and elders to learn how to make equipment, travel on the sea ice and hunt seals in the winter, prepare seal skins for sewing, and sew traditional seal skin clothing.

    For more information on this and similar projects, please visit ikadapt.ca or jamesford.ca/research/nunamin-illihakvia